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Tutorial 18 – Porsche Panamera Sketch Study

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As a car designer, there are many tools and techniques you’ll want to master. Whether you use traditional or digital methods, we’ve got some tips and tricks in this tutorial that’ll help you develop your style, increase your skill set and inspire you to try something new.
“Follow your passion and success will follow you.”

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Rafa? Krupski

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In this tutorial, we’re going to take a look behind the process of illustrating a project titled: Tutorial 18 – Porsche Panamera Sketch Study. You'll learn the simple tricks to design a car using basic tools even if you haven't sketched a car before.

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Yes

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Creation date

26/06/2019

Version

1.0.0

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CC: Attribution NonCommercial-NoDerivs

PROCESS

Let's begin!

Tutorial 18 – Porsche Panamera Sketch Study

STEP 1

Create a new document with
settings 1600 pixels wide X 1200
pixels high. From the tool palette, select the Brush Tool (B), and then select the icon: “Pressure”, thanks to that the pen tablet will respond to your pressure so as to obtain a smooth line brush. In the settings, choose size “3” tip hard. In the tab “Layers”: double-click on the first layer (Background).
Draw a sketch of your concept
car.

  • COLORS: grey (#999999),
  • TOOLS: brush tool (B),
  • SETTINGS: size 3, opacity: 100%,

TIPS
The first sketch doesn’t need to be perfect. Keep it simple to show first shapes with just a few quick lines.


STEP 2

Continue sketching. Think and design pattern of the wheels. To facilitate the work, you can draw a pattern on one wheel first,
then copy and move them to the
rear. When the sketch is finished,
removed completely unnecessary
lines (eg, those that go beyond the “body” of the vehicle}.

  • COLORS: grey #999999,
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: tool size 3, opacity 100%,

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 3

From the color palette,
choose a basic color (in this case it is yellow: #FDEA67). Choose a brush and set the size
to 50, Opacity to 100%. Create a new layer and apply color to the “body” of the vehicle.

  • COLORS: #fdea67,
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: brush size 50, opacity 100%

TIPS
Create a new layer and apply color to the “body” of the vehicle.


STEP 4

From the color palette, choose a
slightly darker shade of the same color as before, (in this case it’s: #E0C822). Choose a soft brush and set the size to 100, opacity 15%. Create a new layer. Apply the color to the “body” of
the car. Remove unnecessary brush
strokes.

  • COLORS: #E0C822
  • TOOLS: soft brush tool
  • SETTINGS: tool size 100, opacity 15%

TIPS
Remove unnecessary brush
strokes.


STEP 5

Create a new layer. Redo the previous step, giving even more shade. Remove unnecessary brush
strokes.

  • COLORS: #E0C822
  • TOOLS: soft brush tool
  • SETTINGS: tool size 100, opacity 15%

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 6

Create a new layer. Select the Pen tool (P) and then create a path that resembles the shape of the side windows. Select the color gray. Go to the “Paths” tab: and click the “Fill Path foreground color”

  • COLORS: dark grey,
  • TOOLS: pen tool (p),
  • SETTINGS: select “Fill Path foreground color”

TIPS
The layer with grey color should be on top of the layers
where the main body color is.


STEP 7

Create a new layer. Choose black color from the color palette. Select a tool “Ellipse”. From the options bar, select
“Shape” and while holding the SHIFT key, draw a circle. Using the Shape option, the path of
the wheels will be created
automatically, which can be used in the later stages.

  • COLORS: black #000000,
  • TOOLS: ellipse tool,
  • SETTINGS: “shape” + SHIFT = draw a circle

TIPS
First, create front wheel, then copy and paste it in place, then
holding down SHIFT key move it to the back side of the car.


STEP 8

Perform the same operation as
in step 7, with the difference
that now create two smaller circles: – one that creates a tire in brown (#342F29) and second tat creates surface forming wheels in gray color (#474747)

  • COLORS: brown #342F29, grey #474747,
  • TOOLS: ellipse tool,
  • SETTINGS: “shape” + shift = make a circle

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 9

Create a new layer. Choose black color #000000. Set the brush size of 3-5 and opacity of 100%. Draw the rim cavity, as in the picture. To make it easier for you, the wheels can create a selection. So you do not go beyond the selection brush.

  • COLORS: black #000000
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b),
  • SETTINGS: tool size 3-5, opacity 100%

TIPS
Follow according to the original
design wheels and adjust to
keep any errors.


STEP 10

Create a new layer. Choose a light-gray color from the color palette. Add the light in the recesses of the wheel.

  • COLORS: light-grey,
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b),
  • SETTINGS: tool size 5-15, opacity 100%,

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 11

Continue by adding more details. Create a new layer. Choose black color again. Add the intense black shadow inside the circle so you get the effect of depth, making it visually more realistic.

  • COLORS: black #000000, dark grey,
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b),
  • SETTINGS: size 5-15, opacity 100%,

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 12

Create a group of layers. Move all the layers containing
the elements of the front wheel to this group. Copy group and while holding down Shift key, drag a copy to the rear so you will have second wheel in the back. Create bottom black shadow under the car using black color #000000.

  • COLORS: black #000000
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: copy + paste + drag & drop

TIPS
Creating a group of
individual layers can ease your
work.


STEP 13

Create a new layer. From the color palette, select lighter color than the color of the current window (in this case, it is a gray color). Select the Pen tool (P) and shape into a path that will
mimic the glass on the other side of the car. In the “Path” tab, click on the button “Fill Path color”. Add more details on the side.

  • COLORS: lighter grey #888888
  • TOOLS: pen tool (p)
  • SETTINGS: “path tab” -> “fill path color”

TIPS
Note the perspective. Further
glass is smaller and located just
below the edge of the roof.


STEP 14

Now add the first shades to the
car body. For this purpose is necessary to create a new layer. Move it under layers with the wheels but before the layer contains main color of the car body. From the color palette, choose a slightly darker color (it is a: #DABD01). To impose this color I used the brush: “Square (coal)”

  • COLORS: #DABD01
  • TOOLS: “square (coal) brush”, “soft pen brush”
  • SETTINGS: size 30-60, opacity 15%

TIPS
Note that I left some parts of
on body empty to achieve
the effect of reflections and
refractions on the block.


STEP 15

You can now turn off a sketch
layer, because the form of the car is already visible so you can see first shapes very clearly.
This will help you further
application of colors,
shadows, and reflections on the
bodywork.

  • COLORS:
  • TOOLS:
  • SETTINGS:

TIPS
Turn off a layer with your sketch.


STEP 16

Add some more shades and details to the car body. Also create shapes for your front/back lights by using brush tool with a hard tip of size 3 and opacity of 100%. Choose white color for the headlights and red for the rear lights.

  • COLORS: white, red,
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: hard tip, size 3, opacity 100%,

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 17

Apply more details and shadows to the head and rear lights. Experiment with different designs and forms of the lamps.
When creating the lights, try to be very precise. Use the tool: Zoom (Z) to zoom in and out the project.

  • COLORS: white, black, orange, red,
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: hard tip, soft tip, size 3-10, opacity 50-100%

TIPS
Use the tool: Zoom (Z) to zoom in and out the project.


STEP 18

From the color palette, choose a
much darker color than the main
color (#473c00). Select a brush with a soft tip, or brush, called the Square (coal), size 100, opacity 10-20%. Apply the color until you are
satisfied with your shadow. Remove unnecessary brush strokes using the Eraser tool with a soft tip and set the order of 20-40%
transparency. Do the
same thing as above but using much lighter color. This gives you intense reflection of the body.

  • COLORS: darker #473c00 + lighter
  • TOOLS: square (coal) tool, eraser tool,
  • SETTINGS: tool size 100, opacity 10-20%,

TIPS
Remove unnecessary brush strokes using the Eraser tool with a soft tip and set the order of 20-40%
transparency.


STEP 19

In this stage, I want to show how
to perform a smooth transition of
color tones. First select the decidedly darker shade of the main color. Choose the brush tip: Square (coal) and set the size 40-50, with 25-30% opacity. Apply a layer to the car body.

  • COLORS: dark yellow, brown
  • TOOLS: square (coal) tool
  • SETTINGS: size 40-50, opacity 25-30%

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 20

Now select the Eraser tool with a
soft tip and set the parameters for: size – 100, opacity 10-15%. Then start removing one part of the film, creating a smooth
transition from darker to lighter. Look carefully at your project
and think where else you can
add or enhance the shadows. If you
find such places – apply them there.

  • COLORS: no color
  • TOOLS: eraser tool,
  • SETTINGS: tool size 100, opacity 10-15%

TIPS
Look carefully at your project
and think where else you can
add or enhance the shadows.


STEP 21

Create a new layer and put it
on top of the other layers containing the entire “body” of the vehicle. Choose black color and set the brush on 3, opacity 100%. Now create a sketch of a car
mirror. Next apply yellow color and add shading.

  • COLORS: black, yellow, dark/light tones
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: sketch: size 3, opacity 100%

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 22

Continue sketching and add more details to the car mirror. To create lines defining the
shape of the door or door handle,
use the Pen tool and create a path. Next, set brush tool size at 3 and opacity to 100%. Go to “Path” tab, and click on
the “Stroke path with brush”
Of course you can do it manually
however, make it possible to adjust the path of the line in case of committing any errors.
In the same way add lighter lines
slightly displaced from the previous
one, so that the effect of the cavity
is obtained.

  • COLORS: black, light dark, very light yellow
  • TOOLS: pen tool brush, path tool,
  • SETTINGS: tool size 3, “path tab” -> “stroke path with brush”

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 23

We’re going back to the wheels for a moment. On a new layer in the layer group (wheels), add a clear
reflection of light brown color at the top of the tire and shadow on the bottom. Erase unnecessary parts. In addition to better effect, you can add the grooves in the tire.

  • COLORS: light brown
  • TOOLS: soft brush tool
  • SETTINGS: size 5-10, opacity 10-15%

TIPS
Erase unnecessary parts. In addition to better effect, you can add the grooves in the tire.


STEP 24

Create a new layer. Choose a color of bright orange and select soft brush tool and set size of 100-150, opacity 10-30%. Apply color on upper part of the car
body.

  • COLORS: bright orange
  • TOOLS: soft airbrush tool
  • SETTINGS: tool size 100-150, opacity 10-30%

TIPS
Do not worry if you go beyond
the edges of the body of the car,
the next step will correct it.


STEP 25

Erase unnecessary parts using eraser tool.

  • COLORS: no color
  • TOOLS: eraser tool
  • SETTINGS: large size, opacity 100%

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 26

Choose a white or very light tone of yellow and create a chrome
strip around the side window. Best for this purpose is to use a
previously created path with a glass and trace it.
Remember to set the brush stroke
size of 3px.

  • COLORS: white or very light yellow
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: tool size 3, opacity 100%

TIPS
Set the brush stroke
size of 3px.


STEP 27

On a new layer create a path like in the image and then go to “Path” tab and click the button “Load path as a selection”. From the color palette, select a white color. Set the opacity of 80%
and size of 70-100. Paint over the top of the selection creating intense reflection on a glass.

  • COLORS: white
  • TOOLS: soft brush, airbrush
  • SETTINGS: tool size 70-100, opacity 80%

TIPS
Paint over the top of the selection creating intense reflection on a glass.


STEP 28

Continue sketching. Add more details and reflections to the head and rear lamps, apply more shadows and highlights.

  • COLORS: white, red, grey
  • TOOLS: brush tool (b), airbrush
  • SETTINGS: size 3-15

TIPS
Everything you do, do it on a new layer.


STEP 29

Choose a white color from the color palette. Select a soft brush, size: 150-200, opacity 100%. Create a new layer and place it on top of all the other layers). Paint on all edges, creating the light around the vehicle.

  • COLORS: white #ffffff
  • TOOLS: soft brush tool, airbrush
  • SETTINGS: tool size 150-200, opacity 100%

TIPS
Paint on all edges, creating the
light around the vehicle.


STEP 30

Create a layer. Select the hard brush, size 30-40, opacity 30%. Draw on the whole car body by
controlling the pressure of the pen tablet thus you get the effect of “glassiness” body. Erase unwanted brush strokes using Eraser tool.

  • COLORS: white
  • TOOLS: brush pen tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: tool size 30-40, opacity 30-50%

TIPS
Erase unwanted brush strokes using Eraser tool.


STEP 31

Repeat whole process by adding lights and reflections on both wheels (rims). Experiment with contrasts and tones: Image –> Adjustments –> Levels

  • COLORS: white
  • TOOLS: brush pen tool (b)
  • SETTINGS: tool size 30-40, opacity 30-50%

TIPS
Experiment with contrasts and tones: Image –> Adjustments –> Levels


STEP 32

Continue sketching. At this point, I have added another
color to the body – this time orange. You can also adjust some nice filters if you like.

  • COLORS: orange
  • TOOLS: airbrush tool
  • SETTINGS: size 50-100, opacity 5-15%

TIPS
Apply orange color on a new layer.


STEP 33

Save current project to jpg
format. Next select the file from the folder you have saved the jpg image and drag it into the Photoshop program (in to the same document). Place the layer with the image at the top and select: Edit –> Transform –> Flip Vertical. Drag and drop the bottom of the car just like in the picture.

  • COLORS: no color
  • TOOLS: save, copy, paste, rotate
  • SETTINGS: save it as a jpg file

TIPS
You can also do a mirror reflection by rotating image.


STEP 34

Select the layer with jpg file. Click the button “Create a
layer mask” –> select the Gradient tool –> set the gradient to: White to transparent. After that simply drag the mouse from the bottom to the top of the vehicle and create the effect imitating a reflection on the floor.

  • COLORS: gradient: white -> transparent
  • TOOLS: gradient tool
  • SETTINGS: drag and drop gradient tool

TIPS
After that simply drag the mouse from the bottom to the top of the vehicle.


Car Design Tutorial 18 - Porsche Panamera Sketch Study

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